傑思英語教室 English Tips for Kids / Grammar Weekly

Topic 94: A uniform? An uniform?

我們說 ‘an umbrella’,但 ‘a uniform’,那應該怎樣向子女解釋用法上的分別呢?

記着, 要認清 ‘a, e, i, o, u’ 這五個響音不是生字的串法,而是發音,所以:

A uniform (讀 you-ni-form) vs. an umbrella (我們不會讀作 you-bre-lla)

A one-way road (讀 won) vs. an orange (我們不會讀作 won-ange)

An hour (h 不發音)vs. a horse (h 發音)

An MTR train (M 讀作 em) vs. a man

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly”, Book 3, published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-weekly-3

Read more →

Topic 88: Gerund / -ing form / continuous form

小一學生就要懂得把動詞由原形 (base form) 轉換成 -ing。有些學生以為要死記,其實是有一些竅門的 。😉

1. 通常直接加 -ing (如 talk -> talking)
2. -e 字尾刪去 -e (如 make -> making)
3. 元音 +輔音結尾時,輔音重複 (和 sit -> sitting) (元音 vowels : a,e, i, o,u)

*不適用於第三規則:(special cases)
a. 雙元音 +輔音結尾 (如 read -> reading)
b. 元音 + -y / -w / -x 結尾 (如 draw -> drawing)
c. 雙音節而重音在第一音節 (試比較 water -> watering 及 forget -> forgetting)

圖片來源:’Grammar Weekly’, Book 1, published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-weekly-1

Read more →

Topic 77: perfect tense 六種轉換法

上一講說過,不規則動詞 (irregular verbs) 轉過去分詞 (past participle) 有六種方法:

Method 1: i -> a -> u 🧐
E.g. swim - swam - swum
Method 2: present form + -n/en/ne 🧐
E.g. give - gave - given
Method 3: past form + -n/en/ne 🧐
E.g. tear - tore - torn
Method 4: same as the past form 🧐
E.g. buy - bought - bought
Method 5: unchanged 🧐
E.g. hit - hit - hit
Method 6: special cases* 🧐🧐

所謂特殊例子 (special cases),就是指不適用於上述任何一個方法,小學生常用的有附圖幾個。只要掌握了這六大方法,小朋友或會發現,原來學perfect tense 又不是太難了!💪💪

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

Read more →

Topic 76: perfect tense 六種轉換法

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是不規則動詞 (irregular verbs) 轉過去分詞 (past participles) 的六種方法:

Method 1: i -> a -> u 🧐
E.g. swim - swam - swum

Method 2: present form + -n/en/ne ** 🧐
E.g. give - gave - given

Method 3: past form + -n/en** 🧐
E.g. tear - tore - torn

Method 4: same as the past form 🧐
E.g. buy - bought - bought

Method 5: unchanged 🧐
E.g. hit - hit - hit

Method 6: special cases* 🧐🧐

*下講再談 🙋‍♂️🙋‍♀️
**經常使用而在變化時需要用 “double -t” 或 “double -d” 的就是附圖 (1) 那五個,好好記着呀!💪💪

圖片來源:

(1) “Grammar Expert” Book 5A, published by Kidz Education

(2) “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

Read more →

Topic 75: perfect tense

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 也不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是其中兩種:😊

方法一:i -> a -> u

E.g.
Swim - swam - swum

方法二:動詞現在式 (present form) + -n/en/ne

E.g.
1. Give - gave - given
2. Draw - drew - drawn
3. Eat - are - eaten
4. Go - went - gone
5. *Ride - ride - ridden (double the letter “d”)
6. *Write - wrote - written (double the letter “t”)

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

Read more →