傑思教室 / Grammar Weekly

Topic 20: 容易混淆的數字 : Ninty? Ninety? Nineth? Ninth?

以下是其中一些令人容易混淆的數字:

4 four 40 forty 4th fourth 40th fortieth
5 five 50 fifty 5th fifth 50th fiftieth
9 nine 90 ninety 9th ninth 90th ninetieth
12 twelve 12th twelfth
20 twenty 20th twentieth 

其實不只小孩易弄錯,成人寫支票時也有時執筆忘字呢!😂順帶一提,踏入2017年了,無論學生寫日期或成人寫支票抬頭,也不要再寫上2016 啦!

https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/grammar…/products/grammar-weekly-2

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Topic 16: Irregular Past Participle Verb Forms (4) 不規則的過去分詞

牢牢記住這五大類變化,過去分詞(完成式)不太難!

A. 現在式 + -n/-ne: go->went->gone
B.過去式 + -n: steal->stole->stolen
C.=過去式:lay->laid->laid
D.不變:put->put->put
E.不規則:lie->lay->lain

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https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/grammar…/products/grammar-weekly-5

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Topic 15: Irregular Past Participle Verb Forms (3) 不規則的過去分詞 Lied? Lay? Lain? Laid?

學生常常混淆以上幾個,其實它們歸在不規則過去分詞的第三及四類:
第三類:=過去式
e.g. Buy -> bought -> bought 
Lay (鋪) -> laid -> laid 
Lie (説謊) -> lied -> lied

第四類:完全不規律變化
(即不納入上幾回及上述所談及的一至三類)
e.g. Lie (躺)-> lay -> lain
Fly -> flew -> flown 

*'Lay' 既是動詞原形(解作鋪),又可作 'lie'的過去式(解作躺)

相關書目 Related series:


https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/grammar…/products/grammar-weekly-5

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Topic 14: Irregular Past Participle Verb Forms (2) 不規則的過去分詞 Eaten? Eatten?

學生要轉過去分詞時,很多時都攪不清何時要用 "double t" or "double d",其實主要有以下幾個:
Ride -> rode -> ridden
Write -> wrote -> written
Hide -> hid -> hidden
Bite -> bit -> bitten 
Forget -> forgot -> forgotten
註: get -> got -> gotten 是美式英語,英式英語我們用 get -> got -> got 

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Topic 13: Irregular Past Participle Verb Forms (1) 不規則的過去分詞

以上的變化主要分為五種,第一種是:

現在式 + -n/en/ne
E.g. 
Draw -> drew -> drawn
Eat -> ate -> eaten 
Go -> went -> gone 

第二種是:
過去式 + -n
E.g.
Freeze -> froze -> frozen
*至於變化時有甚麼注意事項呢?請留意下一講 😊🙏

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Topic 9: 如何教小朋友記英文不規則動詞的過去式?(the past tense of the irregular verbs) (Parts 6-7) 

先給孩子一個小小測試:
Please write down the simple past form of the verbs below.
1. Drive -->
2. Meet -->
3. Hide -->
4. Think ->
5. Sleep -->
6. Break -->
7. Wear -->
8. Lay -->
9. Read -->
10. Fly -->

今次為大家講解最後兩個規則:
規則六:轉法不變
如: put --> put
註:read --> read 的轉法不變,只是讀音不同

規則七:不定的轉法
凡非規則一至六的方法,便歸在此類,如:go --> went , fly --> flew 

只要記住這七個規則,已能大致掌握不規則動詞的過去式,其他的便是規則動詞 (regular verbs)的轉法了(即 -ed)。

**答案見於傑思英語教室

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Topic 8: 如何教小朋友記英文不規則動詞的過去式?(the past tense of the irregular verbs) (Part 5)

 

先考考大家:
lay(放置;敷;產卵)--> ?
lie(躺卧)--> ?
lie (說謊)-->?

今次為大家講解規則五:-ay --> -aid
如:
say --> said
pay --> paid
lay --> laid

好了,揭曉以上答案:
lay --> laid
lie(躺卧)--> lay
lie (說謊)--> lied
以上三個較易混淆,要牢牢記住呀!

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https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/…/prepositions-and-tenses-weekly-3

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Topic 6:
如何教小朋友記英文不規則動詞的過去式? (the past tense of the irregular verbs) (Part 4)

今次為大家講解規則四:

規則四:-e 的組合
-e 的變化有幾種,如:
-end --> -ent (e.g. send --> sent)
-ell --> -old (e.g. sell --> sold)
-eep --> -ept (e.g. sleep --> slept)
-eel --> -elt (e.g. feel --> felt)
-eak --> -oke (e.g. break -> broke)
-eal --> -ole (e.g. steal --> stole)
-ear --> ore (e.g. wear --> wore)
註:hear --> heard (NOT hore)

記住這幾個變化,當一些類似的生字出現時,便不難找出過去式:
如 'Weep',依據以上的規則,過去式便是 'wept'了。

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https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/…/prepositions-and-tenses-weekly-3

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Topic 5: Dates 日期

今次我們轉換一下話題。

以下哪一句不正確?
1. The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on the 21st August.
2. The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21st August.
3. The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on the twenty-first of August.

以上句子,我們應讀成第3句,而寫法則應寫成第2句 (21st August / 21 August) 或第3句 (the twenty- first of August)。
至於第1句 (the 21st August),無論讀和寫都是不正確的。

註:過去式下期再續

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Topic 4: 如何教小朋友記英文不規則動詞的過去式? (Part 3)(the past tense of the irregular verbs)

有些小朋友會把"thank"當作是"think"的過去式,如果記住了以下的規則,以後便不會弄錯了!

規則三:-ought/-aught
在這個組別的不規則動詞大概如下:
buy --> bought
bring --> brought
think --> thought
fight --> fought
seek --> sought*(seek --> sought 在高小的練習才出現)

teach --> taught

catch --> caught

小二升小三的小朋友,趁著暑假可以開始以這個易記易學的方法慢慢學習過去式;小三以上的小朋友,也可當作重温呀!

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https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/…/prepositions-and-tenses-weekly-3

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