傑思英語教室 English Tips for Kids / Grammar Expert

Topic 107: be going to / will 怎樣用?🧐

很多學生覺得be going to / will 都是説將來,那兩者有什麼分別?🤨

簡單來説,
Will:
預計將來有機會發生的事情
e.g. If I study hard, I will pass the test.

Be going to:
(1) 計劃好的事情,所以與 ‘will’ 相比,發生的機會較大
e.g. I am going to have a haircut tomorrow.

(2) 有預兆,所以發生的機會很大
e.g. The sky is dark (預兆). It is going to rain.

註:一般小學英文科測驗或考試的 Tenses
部分都不需用到 ‘be going to’。一般有 ‘tomorrow / next / later / hope / think / guess’ 等 signal words,學生可以用 ‘will’。

圖片來源:Grammar Expert 4B
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-expert-4b…

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Topic 98: has been / has gone?

以下兩句有甚麼分別?

He has gone to Japan.
He has been to Japan.

(見附圖)

要留意,有時候因為配詞用得不夠準確,會令句子出現不同的意思呢!😱

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” Book 5A, published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-expert-5a

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Topic 97: 英文數字

同學在學數字時,特別要注意以下兩對,不要在拼寫時出錯:

40 forty
4th fourth

90 ninety
9th ninth

小測試:
試把以下兩個數字用英文拼寫出來:💪💪
1. 99
2. 99th

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” Book 3A published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-expert-3a

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Topic 96: 「情態副詞 (adverbs of manner: -ly ) 用來修飾動詞」是一定的定律?

同學們學情態副詞,一般是用在動詞後,如 The girl sings beautifully. (Sing 是動詞,所以用 beautifully,不是 beautiful)。

不過,同學學情態副詞時,不要死記 「動詞後用副詞,is/am/are 用形容詞」這說法,因爲確切地說,情態副詞是用來描述動作如何進行,所以除了verb to be (is/am/are) 後要用形容詞外 (如 I am happy.) ,如果出現如以下的狀態動詞 (stative verbs) 亦應用形容詞:

Look: The girl looks quiet. (Not ‘quietly’)
Sound: The idea sounds good. (Not ‘well’)
Feel: I feel sleepy. (Not ‘sleepily’)
Taste: The food tastes nice. (Not ‘nicely’)
Smell: The flowers smell nice. (Not ‘nicely’)
Keep: Please keep quiet. (Not ‘quietly’)

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” Book 5A, published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/products/grammar-expert-5a

 

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Topic 90: Chocolate? Chocolates?

‘Chocolate’ 可數嗎?

簡單來說,一顆顆的就可數,
用 ‘chocolates’ 🌰🌰
一排排的就不可數,
用 ‘chocolate’ 或 ‘a bar of chocolate’ 。🍫

圖片來源:’Grammar Expert’ Book 4B, published by Kidz Education
https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/gramma…/products/grammar-expert-4b

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Topic 80: Hard? Hardly? Late? Lately?

這幾句的意思是甚麼?

1. I study hard.
2. I hardly study.
3. Dad got to work a bit late yesterday.
4. I have not seen my uncle lately.

用作副詞時:
‘hard’ 指「努力」
‘hardly’ 指 「難以」(rarely)
‘late’ 指 「遲到」
‘lately’ 指 「最近」(recently)
所以,第一及第二句可以說意思差不多是相反的。

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” 5A, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 79: Adverbs of manner 情狀副詞

下列哪一句正確?

1. John runs fastly.
2. Nancy dances good.
3. Please keep quietly.
4. I feel sad.
5. Your new car looks nicely!

*以上只有第四題是正確的 :
1. 沒有 fastly,’fast’ 的副詞也是’fast’
2. 形容 ‘dances’,所以要把 ‘good’ 轉成 ‘well’
3. ‘Keep’ 不帶動作,後面用形容詞 ‘quiet’
4. ‘Feel’ 不帶動作,所以用形容詞 ’sad’ 是正確的
5. ‘Look’ 不帶動作,後面用形容詞 ‘nice’

註:有關 late/lately 和 hard/hardly ,留待下一講

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” 5A, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 76: perfect tense 六種轉換法

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是不規則動詞 (irregular verbs) 轉過去分詞 (past participles) 的六種方法:

Method 1: i -> a -> u 🧐
E.g. swim - swam - swum

Method 2: present form + -n/en/ne ** 🧐
E.g. give - gave - given

Method 3: past form + -n/en** 🧐
E.g. tear - tore - torn

Method 4: same as the past form 🧐
E.g. buy - bought - bought

Method 5: unchanged 🧐
E.g. hit - hit - hit

Method 6: special cases* 🧐🧐

*下講再談 🙋‍♂️🙋‍♀️
**經常使用而在變化時需要用 “double -t” 或 “double -d” 的就是附圖 (1) 那五個,好好記着呀!💪💪

圖片來源:

(1) “Grammar Expert” Book 5A, published by Kidz Education

(2) “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 48: Prepositions of time

‘In / on / at’ (以時間介詞使用)是其中一類小學測驗考試常出的題目。

附表簡單列明用法供學生參考:
(註: ‘on the weekend / weekends’ 是美語)

圖片來源: ‘Grammar Expert’ 3B, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 47: Yes/No questions vs Wh- questions

Jason: __________________________

Ron: I like playing the piano.

Jason 的問題應該是下列哪一個?
A. Do you like playing the piano?
B. What do you like doing?

答案是:B
因為如果是 A 的話,答案一定要加上 ‘Yes/No’,變成: ‘Yes, I like playing the piano.’ (長答)/ ‘Yes, I do.’ (短答)

圖片來源:‘Grammar Expert’ 4A, published by Kidz Education

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