傑思英語教室 English Tips for Kids / Tenses & Proofreading Elite

Topic 67: Present perfect tense

考試到了!與其死記 “just, already ...” 要用 present perfect tense🤭,我們應該先向同學們說說這個時式到底是什麼意思。😊

Just, already, yet, before, once, twice, since, for 等表示到目前為止這些事已經發生,通常沒有標示過去實際發生時間*,強調的是與現在的關係,所以用現在完成式(present perfect tense)。

Eg 1. I have been to Ocean Park once.
Eg 2. I went to Ocean Park yesterday.

1. 我到目前為止去過海洋公園一次。
2. 我昨天到海洋公園遊玩。(但我們不知道「我」到目前為止去過海洋公園多少次)

*”since” 雖然有實際時間,如 “I have known John since we were six. “ 但重點不是我在六歲時認識他 (compare: I knew John when we were six.) ,而是與現在的關係,即我從六歲開始至今認識他。🙋‍♀️🙋‍♂️

明白現在完成式的概念,當要學過去完成式 (past perfect tense) 便更易掌握了!👏

圖片來源: “Tenses and Proofreading Elite” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 53: Countable and uncountable nouns

Which one is the correct answer?

1. Here (is / are) your homework.
2. I need (some / an) advice.
3. Here are some (suggestion / suggestions) for you.

以上 ‘homework’ 及 ‘advice’ 是不可數名詞,所以不能加 -s,也不可用 ‘are’ 或 ‘a/an’; ‘suggestion’ 是可數名詞,用法是 ‘a suggestion / some suggestions’ 。

圖片來源: “Tenses snd Proofreading Elite” Book 6, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 52: Plurals

小朋友大多知道眾數名詞不一定是只加 -s,也可以是 -es/-ies/-ves,甚至是其他變化模式。

以下名詞的眾數是甚麼?考考自己認識多少吧!
1. Piano
2. Fairy
3. Deer
4. Louse
5. Ox
6. Passer-by

圖片來源: “Tenses snd Proofreading Elite” Book 6, published by Kidz Education


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Topic 51: To-infinitives

以下幾題的答案是甚麼?

1. I decided (buy / to buy) a book.
2. I cannot afford (buy / to buy) a car.
3. I helped my mother (do / to do) housework.
4. Remember (do / to do) your homework.

附表是一些小學常見跟 to-infinitives 配搭的生字,學生在測驗和考試時要多加注意呀!

圖片來源: “Tenses and Proofreading Elite” Book 6, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 44: Tips on past participles (2) 過去分詞

以下幾個動詞的過去式及過去分詞都是同學容易忘記的 😅,你們又記得嗎?

1. Shine
2. Fly
3. Light
4. Pay
5. Mend

*下次再指出另一些同學常忘記的動詞過去分詞

答案:
1. Shine, shone, shone
2. Fly, flew, flown
3. Light, lighted/lit, lighted/lit
4. Pay, paid, paid
5. Mend, mended, mended

https://www.kidz.com.hk/…/produ…/tenses-proofreading-elite-6

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