傑思英語教室 English Tips for Kids / P.5

Topic 80: Hard? Hardly? Late? Lately?

這幾句的意思是甚麼?

1. I study hard.
2. I hardly study.
3. Dad got to work a bit late yesterday.
4. I have not seen my uncle lately.

用作副詞時:
‘hard’ 指「努力」
‘hardly’ 指 「難以」(rarely)
‘late’ 指 「遲到」
‘lately’ 指 「最近」(recently)
所以,第一及第二句可以說意思差不多是相反的。

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” 5A, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 79: Adverbs of manner 情狀副詞

下列哪一句正確?

1. John runs fastly.
2. Nancy dances good.
3. Please keep quietly.
4. I feel sad.
5. Your new car looks nicely!

*以上只有第四題是正確的 :
1. 沒有 fastly,’fast’ 的副詞也是’fast’
2. 形容 ‘dances’,所以要把 ‘good’ 轉成 ‘well’
3. ‘Keep’ 不帶動作,後面用形容詞 ‘quiet’
4. ‘Feel’ 不帶動作,所以用形容詞 ’sad’ 是正確的
5. ‘Look’ 不帶動作,後面用形容詞 ‘nice’

註:有關 late/lately 和 hard/hardly ,留待下一講

圖片來源: “Grammar Expert” 5A, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 77: perfect tense 六種轉換法

上一講說過,不規則動詞 (irregular verbs) 轉過去分詞 (past participle) 有六種方法:

Method 1: i -> a -> u 🧐
E.g. swim - swam - swum
Method 2: present form + -n/en/ne 🧐
E.g. give - gave - given
Method 3: past form + -n/en/ne 🧐
E.g. tear - tore - torn
Method 4: same as the past form 🧐
E.g. buy - bought - bought
Method 5: unchanged 🧐
E.g. hit - hit - hit
Method 6: special cases* 🧐🧐

所謂特殊例子 (special cases),就是指不適用於上述任何一個方法,小學生常用的有附圖幾個。只要掌握了這六大方法,小朋友或會發現,原來學perfect tense 又不是太難了!💪💪

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 76: perfect tense 六種轉換法

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是不規則動詞 (irregular verbs) 轉過去分詞 (past participles) 的六種方法:

Method 1: i -> a -> u 🧐
E.g. swim - swam - swum

Method 2: present form + -n/en/ne ** 🧐
E.g. give - gave - given

Method 3: past form + -n/en** 🧐
E.g. tear - tore - torn

Method 4: same as the past form 🧐
E.g. buy - bought - bought

Method 5: unchanged 🧐
E.g. hit - hit - hit

Method 6: special cases* 🧐🧐

*下講再談 🙋‍♂️🙋‍♀️
**經常使用而在變化時需要用 “double -t” 或 “double -d” 的就是附圖 (1) 那五個,好好記着呀!💪💪

圖片來源:

(1) “Grammar Expert” Book 5A, published by Kidz Education

(2) “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 75: perfect tense

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 也不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是其中兩種:😊

方法一:i -> a -> u

E.g.
Swim - swam - swum

方法二:動詞現在式 (present form) + -n/en/ne

E.g.
1. Give - gave - given
2. Draw - drew - drawn
3. Eat - are - eaten
4. Go - went - gone
5. *Ride - ride - ridden (double the letter “d”)
6. *Write - wrote - written (double the letter “t”)

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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