傑思英語教室 English Tips for Kids / P.5

Topic 75: perfect tense

轉過去分詞 (past participles) 也不用一味靠死背,其實也有簡單的方法。💪

以下是其中兩種:😊

方法一:i -> a -> u

E.g.
Swim - swam - swum

方法二:動詞現在式 (present form) + -n/en/ne

E.g.
1. Give - gave - given
2. Draw - drew - drawn
3. Eat - are - eaten
4. Go - went - gone
5. *Ride - ride - ridden (double the letter “d”)
6. *Write - wrote - written (double the letter “t”)

圖片來源: “Grammar Weekly” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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Topic 70: Writing tips

試試問問小朋友,作文形容生氣時會怎樣描寫?

表達普通的生氣,可以試試用 ‘I gave him an angry look.’😠,如要表達更強烈的情感,可以用’I saw red.’ 、’I was furious.’ 等。😡😡

多用不同的句子表達同一種心情,能加强寫作效果。

(附表見更多)

圖片來源: “Ace Minds: Writing” Book l” published by Kidz Education (Book I 適合高小程度)

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Topic 67: Present perfect tense

考試到了!與其死記 “just, already ...” 要用 present perfect tense🤭,我們應該先向同學們說說這個時式到底是什麼意思。😊

Just, already, yet, before, once, twice, since, for 等表示到目前為止這些事已經發生,通常沒有標示過去實際發生時間*,強調的是與現在的關係,所以用現在完成式(present perfect tense)。

Eg 1. I have been to Ocean Park once.
Eg 2. I went to Ocean Park yesterday.

1. 我到目前為止去過海洋公園一次。
2. 我昨天到海洋公園遊玩。(但我們不知道「我」到目前為止去過海洋公園多少次)

*”since” 雖然有實際時間,如 “I have known John since we were six. “ 但重點不是我在六歲時認識他 (compare: I knew John when we were six.) ,而是與現在的關係,即我從六歲開始至今認識他。🙋‍♀️🙋‍♂️

明白現在完成式的概念,當要學過去完成式 (past perfect tense) 便更易掌握了!👏

圖片來源: “Tenses and Proofreading Elite” Book 5, published by Kidz Education

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